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JavaEE Guides
Popup Keyboards

Popup Keyboards

Presenting a keyboard or a popup menu with a search field requires you to implement the KeyboardListener. Note that the initialText in the keyboard case often acts as "placeholder text" and not as true initial text.

Presenting a Keyboard

You should present a keyboard to users when your app contains a "search" field. For example, in a music player app, you may want to give the user a way to search for a song or album. A keyboard could also be useful in an app that displays nearby points of interest, or in other situations.

Note

Keyboards are unavailable for use in many countries when the driver is distracted. This is often when the vehicle is moving above a certain speed, such as 5 miles per hour. This will be automatically managed by the system. Your keyboard may be disabled or an error returned if the driver is distracted.

Keyboard Search

int cancelId = sdlManager.getScreenManager().presentKeyboard("Initial text", null, keyboardListener);

Implementing the Keyboard Listener

Using the KeyboardListener involves implementing several methods:

KeyboardListener keyboardListener = new KeyboardListener() {
    @Override
    public void onUserDidSubmitInput(String inputText, KeyboardEvent event) {
        switch (event) {
            case ENTRY_VOICE:
                // The user decided to start voice input, you should start an AudioPassThru session if supported
                break;
            case ENTRY_SUBMITTED:
                // The user submitted some text with the keyboard
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onKeyboardDidAbortWithReason(KeyboardEvent event) {
        switch (event) {
            case ENTRY_CANCELLED:
                // The user cancelled the keyboard interaction
                break;
            case ENTRY_ABORTED:
                // The system aborted the keyboard interaction
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void updateAutocompleteWithInput(String currentInputText, KeyboardAutocompleteCompletionListener keyboardAutocompleteCompletionListener) {
        // Check the input text and return a list of autocomplete results
        keyboardAutocompleteCompletionListener.onUpdatedAutoCompleteList(updatedAutoCompleteList);
    }

    @Override
    public void updateCharacterSetWithInput(String currentInputText, KeyboardCharacterSetCompletionListener keyboardCharacterSetCompletionListener) {
        // Check the input text and return a set of characters to allow the user to enter
    }

    @Override
    public void onKeyboardDidSendEvent(KeyboardEvent event, String currentInputText) {
        // This is sent upon every event, such as keypresses, cancellations, and aborting
    }

    @Override
    public void onKeyboardDidUpdateInputMask(KeyboardEvent event) {
        switch (event) {
            case INPUT_KEY_MASK_ENABLED:
                // The user enabled input key masking
                break;
            case INPUT_KEY_MASK_DISABLED:
                // The user disabled input key masking
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }
};

Configuring Keyboard Properties

You can change default keyboard properties by updating sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(). If you want to change the keyboard configuration for only one keyboard session and keep the default keyboard configuration unchanged, you can pass a single-use KeyboardProperties to presentKeyboard().

Keyboard Language

You can modify the keyboard language by changing the keyboard configuration's language. For example, you can set an EN_US keyboard. It will default to EN_US if not otherwise set.

KeyboardProperties keyboardConfiguration = new KeyboardProperties()
        .setLanguage(Language.EN_US);

sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(keyboardConfiguration);

Limited Character List

You can modify the keyboard to enable only some characters by responding to the updateCharacterSetWithInput listener method or by changing the keyboard configuration before displaying the keyboard. For example, you can enable only "a", "b" , and "c" on the keyboard. All other characters will be greyed out (disabled).

KeyboardProperties keyboardConfiguration = new KeyboardProperties()
        .setLimitedCharacterList(Arrays.asList("a", "b", "c"));

sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(keyboardConfiguration);

Autocomplete List

You can modify the keyboard to allow an app to pre-populate the text field with a list of suggested entries as the user types by responding to the updateAutocompleteWithInput listener method or by changing the keyboard configuration before displaying the keyboard. For example, you can display recommended searches "test1", "test2", and "test3" if the user types "tes".

Note

A list of autocomplete results is only available on RPC 6.0+ connections. On connections < RPC 6.0, only the first item will be available to the user.

KeyboardProperties keyboardConfiguration = new KeyboardProperties()
        .setAutoCompleteList(Arrays.asList("test1", "test2", "test3"));

sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(keyboardConfiguration);

Keyboard Layout

You can modify the keyboard layout by changing the keyboard configuration's keyboardLayout. For example, you can set a NUMERIC keyboard. It will default to QWERTY if not otherwise set.

Note

The numeric keyboard layout is only available on RPC 7.1+. See the section Checking Keyboard Capabilities to determine if this layout is available.

Numeric Keyboard

KeyboardProperties keyboardConfiguration = new KeyboardProperties()
        .setKeyboardLayout(KeyboardLayout.NUMERIC);

sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(keyboardConfiguration);

Input Masking (RPC 7.1+)

You can modify the keyboard to mask the entered characters by changing the keyboard configuration's maskInputCharacters.
Numeric Keyboard

KeyboardProperties keyboardConfiguration = new KeyboardProperties()
        .setKeyboardLayout(KeyboardLayout.NUMERIC)
        .setMaskInputCharacters(KeyboardInputMask.ENABLE_INPUT_KEY_MASK);

sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(keyboardConfiguration);

Custom Keys (RPC 7.1+)

Each keyboard layout has a number of keys that can be customized to your app's needs. For example, you could set two of the customizable keys in QWERTY layout to be "!" and "?" as seen in the image below. The available number and location of these custom keys is determined by the connected head unit. See the section Checking Keyboard Capabilities to determine how many custom keys are available for any given layout.

Custom Keys

KeyboardProperties keyboardConfiguration = new KeyboardProperties()
        .setKeyboardLayout(KeyboardLayout.QWERTY)
        .setCustomKeys(Arrays.asList("!", "?"));

sdlManager.getScreenManager().setKeyboardConfiguration(keyboardConfiguration);

Checking Keyboard Capabilities (RPC v7.1+)

Each head unit may support different keyboard layouts and each layout can support a different number of custom keys. Head units may not support masking input. If you want to know which keyboard features are supported on the connected head unit, you can check the KeyboardCapabilities:

WindowCapability windowCapability = sdlManager.getSystemCapabilityManager().getDefaultMainWindowCapability();
KeyboardCapabilities keyboardCapabilities = windowCapability.getKeyboardCapabilities();

// List of layouts and number of custom keys supported by each layout
List<KeyboardLayoutCapability> keyboardLayouts = keyboardCapabilities.getSupportedKeyboards();

// Boolean represents whether masking is supported or not
boolean maskInputSupported = keyboardCapabilities.getMaskInputCharactersSupported();

Dismissing the Keyboard (RPC v6.0+)

You can dismiss a displayed keyboard before the timeout has elapsed by sending a CancelInteraction request. If you presented the keyboard using the screen manager, you can dismiss the choice set by calling dismissKeyboard with the cancelID that was returned (if one was returned) when presenting.

Note

If connected to older head units that do not support this feature, the cancel request will be ignored, and the keyboard will persist on the screen until the timeout has elapsed or the user dismisses it by making a selection.

sdlManager.getScreenManager().dismissKeyboard(cancelId);

Using RPCs

If you don't want to use the ScreenManager, you can do this manually using the PerformInteraction RPC request. As this is no longer a recommended course of action, we will leave it to you to figure out how to manually do it.

Note that if you do manually create a PerformInteraction and want to set a cancel id, the ScreenManager takes cancel ids 0 - 10000. Any cancel id you set must be outside of that range.

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