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You have two different options when creating menus. One is to simply add items to the default menu available in every template. The other is to create a custom menu that pops up when needed.

Default Menu

Ford HMI

Menu Appearance
Every template has a default menu button. The position of this button varies between templates, and can not be removed from the template. The default menu is initially empty except for an "Exit Your App Name" button. Items can be added to the menu at the root level or to a submenu. It is important to note that a submenu can only be one level deep.

Menu Structure

Add Menu Items

The AddCommand RPC can be used to add items to the root menu or to a submenu. Each AddCommand RPC must be sent with a unique id, a voice-recognition command, and a set of menu parameters. The menu parameters include the menu name, the position of the item in the menu, and the id of the menu item’s parent. If the menu item is being added to the root menu, then the parent id is 0. If it is being added to a submenu, then the parent id is the submenu’s id.

// Create the menu parameters
// The parent id is 0 if adding to the root menu
// If adding to a submenu, the parent id is the submenu's id
MenuParams menuParams = new MenuParams();

AddCommand addCommand = new AddCommand();
addCommand.setCmdID(0); // Ensure this is unique
addCommand.setMenuParams(menuParams);  // Set the menu parameters


Add a Submenu

To create a submenu, first send an AddSubMenu RPC. When a response is received from the SDL Core, check if the submenu was added successfully. If it was, send an AddCommand RPC for each item in the submenu.

int unique_id = 313;

AddSubMenu addSubMenu = new AddSubMenu();
addSubMenu.setOnRPCResponseListener(new OnRPCResponseListener() {
    public void onResponse(int correlationId, RPCResponse response) {
        if(((AddSubMenuResponse) response).getSuccess()){
            // The submenu was created successfully, start adding the submenu items
            // Use unique_id
            Log.i("SdlService", "AddSubMenu request rejected.");

Delete Menu Items

Use the cmdID of the menu item to tell the SDL Core which item to delete using the DeleteCommand RPC.

int cmdID_to_delete = 1;

DeleteCommand deleteCommand = new DeleteCommand();


Delete Submenus

Use the menuID to tell the SDLCore which item to delete using the DeleteSubMenu RPC.

DeleteSubMenu deleteSubMenu = new DeleteSubMenu();
deleteSubMenu.setMenuID(submenuID_to_delete); // Replace with submenu ID to delete

Custom Menus

Perform Interaction Layout
Custom menus, called perform interactions, are one level deep, however, you can create submenus by triggering another perform interaction when the user selects a row in a menu. Perform interactions can be set up to recognize speech, so a user can select an item in the menu by speaking their preference rather than physically selecting the item.

Perform interactions are created by sending two different RPCs. First a CreateInteractionChoiceSet RPC must be sent. This RPC sends a list of items that will show up in the menu. When the request has been registered successfully, then a PerformInteraction RPC is sent. The PerformInteraction RPC sends the formatting requirements, the voice-recognition commands, and a timeout command.

Create a Set of Custom Menu Items

Each menu item choice defined in Choice should be assigned a unique id. The choice set in CreateInteractionChoiceSet should also have its own unique id.

CreateInteractionChoiceSet choiceSet = new CreateInteractionChoiceSet();

Choice choice = new Choice();

List<Choice> choiceList = new ArrayList<>();

choiceSet.setOnRPCResponseListener(new OnRPCResponseListener() {
public void onResponse(int correlationId, RPCResponse response) {
    if(((CreateInteractionChoiceSetResponse) response).getSuccess()){
        // The request was successful, now send the SDLPerformInteraction RPC
        // The request was unsuccessful


Format the Set of Custom Menu Items

Once the set of menu items has been sent to SDL Core, send a PerformInteraction RPC to get the items to show up on the HMI screen.

List<Integer> interactionChoiceSetIDList = new ArrayList<>();

PerformInteraction performInteraction = new PerformInteraction();
performInteraction.setInitialText("Initial text.");

Interaction Mode

The interaction mode specifies the way the user is prompted to make a section and the way in which the user’s selection is recorded.

Interaction Mode Description
Manual only Interactions occur only through the display
VR only Interactions occur only through text-to-speech and voice recognition
Both Interactions can occur both manually or through VR

VR Interaction Mode

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VR Perform Interaction

Manual Interaction Mode

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Manual Perform Interaction

Interaction Layout

The items in the perform interaction can be shown as a grid of buttons (with optional images) or as a list of choices.

Layout Mode Formatting Description
Icon only A grid of buttons with images
Icon with search A grid of buttons with images along with a search field in the HMI
List only A vertical list of text
List with search A vertical list of text with a search field in the HMI
Keyboard A keyboard shows up immediately in the HMI

Keyboard is currently only supported for the navigation app type.


Icon Only Interaction Layout

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Icon Only Interaction Layout

List Only Interaction Layout

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List Only Interaction Layout

List with Search Interaction Layout

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List with Search Interaction Layout

Text-to-Speech (TTS)

A text-to-speech chunk is a text phrase or prerecorded sound that will be spoken by the head unit. The text parameter specifies the text to be spoken or the name of the pre-recorded sound. Use the type parameter to define the type of information in the text parameter. The PerformInteraction request can have a initial, timeout, and a help prompt.

    TTSChunkFactory.createSimpleTTSChunks("Hello, welcome."));


The timeout parameter defines the amount of time the menu will appear on the screen before the menu is dismissed automatically by the HMI.

performInteraction.setTimeout(30000); // 30 seconds

Send the Request

performInteraction.setOnRPCResponseListener(new OnRPCResponseListener() {
    public void onResponse(int correlationId, RPCResponse response) {
        PerformInteractionResponse piResponse = (PerformInteractionResponse) response;
            // Successful request
                // Interaction timed out without user input
            }else if(piResponse.getResultCode().equals(Result.SUCCESS)){
                Integer userChoice = piResponse.getChoiceID();
            // Unsuccessful request


Delete the Custom Menu

If the information in the menu is dynamic, then the old interaction choice set needs to be deleted with a DeleteInteractionChoiceSet RPC before the new information can be added to the menu. Use the interaction choice set id to delete the menu.

DeleteInteractionChoiceSet deleteInteractionChoiceSet = new DeleteInteractionChoiceSet();
deleteInteractionChoiceSet.setInteractionChoiceSetID(interactionChoiceSetID_to_delete); // Replace with interaction choice set to delete

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